Travel Guide For Life; M.A.C.

What I See From Mountain To Sea

I am rarely in photos because I do not like doing selfies but here I am overlooking a passageway in Kronborg Castle . Many castles are like mazes and we must sometimes allow a few minutes to be lost 😏

Scandinavia is made up of Danmark,  Norway, and Sweden. Finland is usually also included in Scandinavia but not always because the Finnish people are not related as closely to the Scandinavian people listed above that speak closely related languages. The Finnish people speak an unrelated language as they are of a separate ethic group from the Danish, Swedish, and Norwegians. Also, Iceland is often considered part of Scandinavia. I think it may be due to the fact that Iceland had been colonized by Norway and it was part of Norway when it was part of the Kalmar Union. Norway, Sweden, and Danmark joined together as the Kalmar Union in 1387. Margaret I of Danmark was the Queen. A reason I think Finland is part of Scandinavia is because it was part of Sweden during the middle ages. Also, it is in the same geographical location as the other 3 Scandinavian nations, just to the east of Sweden. Iceland is a bit further away though.🤔. I guess it could be part of Scandinavia since it was once part of Norway. But Greenland is part of Danmark but it is NOT part of Scandinavia. Greenland is very far away though, closer to North America. 

 

On the grounds of Rosenborg castle, Copenhagen. This is the Hercules Pavilion and the ice cream shop is on the other side. .

A view of Malmö Castle in Sweden. Malmö is across the Øresund Sund or strait from Copenhagen.

We are about to enter the grounds of Kronborg Castle, otherwise known as Elsinore. William Shakespear called the castle "Elsinore" in Hamlet. King Frederick II built this very impressive castle because he needed a residence that reflected his power as the most powerful king in Scandinavia at that time (around 1425) in Helsingør.

After passing through the first gate, we had this rather long walk passing the moats and arriving at the castle entrance through a rather large courtyard.

Overlooking Øresund Sund from Kronborg Castle. Malmö Sweden is on the other side of the strait.

A curtain wall is a defensive wall that stands between two towers and such a wall was built to protect Krogen Castle (Hook Castle) which is the original name for this castle. The castle included the King's residence, banquet Hall, chapel, and a few other buildings. 

Doorway inside the interior of Kronborg Castle.

After the 7 years war, around 1570, King Frederick II had the advance bastions for.the curtain wall of Krogen Castle extended. These fortifications were finished in 1577. It was about this time that Krogen Castle was renamed Kronborg Castle. And in 1578 there were more enlargements of the castle with the addition of a third floor above several wings of the original 2 floors. 

A fireplace in Kronborg Castle.

It was Fredrick II who transformed Krogen Castle into the luxurious Danish Renaissance Castle that we know as Kronborg Castle today. 

The views of Øresund strait are very beautiful.

The inner gate we passed through to enter the inner courtyards of Kronborg Castle.

After walking through gates and moats we arrived here at an inner courtyard of Kronborg Castle. This castle, first built in 1420 but subsequently destroyed by fire and rebuilt is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

King Frederick II commissioned 42 or 43 tapestries for the Grand Hall of Kronborg Castle between 1581 and 1584. There are 7 or 8 still in the castle and several others in the National Museum of Danmark. The tapestries are all lifesized portraits of legendary kings (like King Dan) and real kings (like this one, the one of King Frederick II himself, and the one of his son who became King Christian IV.) This one depicts King Olaf II. He was King of Norway from 1014 until 1028. He died in battle. He was also canonized so he is also known as Saint Olaf.

This tapestry depicts King Christoffer II. He was King of Danmark from 1320-1326 then he became king again in 1329 and remained so until he died.

Another of the "King tapestries" . This one was created in 1586. I do not remember who is depicted here though 🤔.

We are waiting for the group of people to be let into Rosenborg Castle so we can queue up at the entrance and wait for our turn. It is a self guided exploration inside the castle but only a certain amount of people are let in each time.

This is probably called the south entrance to Rosenborg Castle because we arrived here after passing through Kongens Have, after having taken a photo of the fountain. And the fountain is south or southeast of this entrance.

A view of Rosenborg Castle from a flower garden that is located on the other side of the castle from where the Kings Garden is located.

We are still waiting for that group of people to enter Rosenborg Castle. Then we will queue up to enter with the next group. The wait is not very long. Anyway, it is an enjoyable wait as long as you do not have many plans for the day. It is always best to plan for a whole morning or a whole afternoon when visiting a castle. .

This fountain can be seen at Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen. This fountain is in the Kings Garden (Kongenshavn)..

The grounds of Rosenborg Castle are extensive, including the Kings' Garden, Queens Rose Garden, and this area. There are sculptures throughout the property. This area is called the Playground and it is situated approximately half way between Kongenshavn (King's Garden) and Rosenhave (Queens Rose Garden). There is also a large and really cool stepping stone area here..

Time to queue up at the entrance of Rosenborg Castle.

In Roskilde Danmark.

Roskilde, formerly the capital of Danmark where the kingdom was founded and home to a  world renowned viking museum. 

We are about to pass the north side of Roskilde Cathedral at Oluf Mortensens' porch built around 1450. The gable was constructed in the Late Medieval Gothic architectural style of North Germany.

We are in the area of Rosgilde Cathedral and the Royal Mansion in Roskilde Danmark. This particular building was the City Hall in medieval times. We were getting ready to walk from here to the Viking Museum which is not far at all.

Domkirkemuseet is within the Roskilde Cathedral property. Roskilde Museum of Contemporary Art is within the former Royal Mansion, also called the Yellow Palace, and Kongelige Palace ("Kongelige" means "Royal"). Here, we were crossing a rather large (and exquisite) plaza area between the museums and the cathedral.

The facade of Roskilde Cathedral. The Kingdom of Danmark was founded in Roskilde. Roskilde was the capital of Danmark from 1150-1443. There are 39 royal tombs in this cathedral. It is still the burial site of Danish monarchs. It is a World Heritage Site. .

In front of the mausoleum of Roskilde Cathedral with the Yellow Palace (Royal Mansion) further down the very large square.

Two mausoleums of Roskilde Cathedral.

King Christian IX is buried in the right side masoleum and King Frederick IX is buried in the octagon shaped masoleum at the left. On the right is a Byzantine Revival architectural style masoleum that was added to the cathedral. It is shaped with a cruciform chapel and a domed roof. In each arm of the chapel are other royal figures besides King Christian IX. One arm holds the tomb of King Frederick VIII and his wife. The smaller masoleum at the left is the first royal burial site here that is outside of the cathedral building and its additions. King Frederick IX actually wanted to be buried outside so his gravesite could overlook the Roskilde Fjord. He was formally a naval officer. It is a single story, octagon shaped enclosure with no roof. There is a large variety of plant life that is characteristic of Danmark's ecosystem growing within the enclosure. 

Roskilde Cathedral was built on the site of a wood church from 950. This cathedral was originally to be built in the Romanesque architectural style but the emerging Gothic style of northern France (think Cathedral Saint-Denis) was added to the already built Romanesque portions of the building. Chapels and porches were also added in subsequent centuries and these added the current designs in architecture of each century. This is a truly eclectic building. This is the first church in Scandinavia built in the Gothic style with brick. This style spread throughout Scandinavia. 

The Royal (Kongelige) Palace is a beautiful yellow building constructed in a Baroque architectural style. It was commissioned by King Christian VI in 1733. Construction was completed in 1736. The King and his family would live there when they were attending important ceremonies at Roskilde Cathedral. 

Arch of Absalom connects the Royal Palace (Yellow Mansion) with Roskilde Cathedral. The arch was built with Travertine stone that was taken from a church that stood at this location previously. It is believed that Bishop Peder Sunesen commissioned the construction around 1200. It serves as a passageway between the Kongelige Palace and the cathedral. .

This is the chapel of King Christian IV. It was built between 1614 and 1641. It is an addition to the north side of Roskilde Cathedral. It was constructed in the very beautiful Dutch Renaissance architectural style.

Driving into Sweden.

Inside Malmö Castle in Sweden.

On the Ballerup Centret pedestrian mall of the Ballerup Centret area. Ballerup is about 16 or 17 miles from Copenhagen (21 kilometers).

At the north end of the Ballerup Centret pedestrian mall is Ballerup Kirke. It can be seen in the background of the above photo.